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  • 31 Oct 2020 11:05 AM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    Original Source of the Article

    Posted on Oct 30, 2020 in Main

    NR20-16
    Oct. 30, 2020

    HONOLULU – Coffee leaf rust (CLR) has been confirmed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) from coffee plant samples collected on Maui last week. Also, in response to the detection on Maui, Hawai`i Department of Agriculture (HDOA) staff began statewide surveys and detected suspect plants at a residence in Hilo on Hawai`i Island on Monday. The suspect plants were tentatively identified as infected with CLR by the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Hilo late Wednesday. Samples are being sent to the USDA National Identification Services in Maryland for confirmation.

    CLR is one of the most devastating pests of coffee plants and is established in all major coffee growing areas of the world, but had not previously been found in Hawai`i prior to its discovery last week on Maui.

    “The Hawai`i Department of Agriculture and other partner agencies continue to survey the state to determine the extent of the coffee leaf rust infestation,” said Phyllis Shimabukuro-Geiser, chairperson of the Hawai`i Board of Agriculture. “We are also trying to determine the pathway of how this fungus was introduced into the state.”

    CLR can cause severe defoliation of coffee plants. Infected leaves drop prematurely, greatly reducing the plant’s photosynthetic capacity. Vegetative and berry growth are reduced depending on the intensity of rust in the current year. Long-term effects of rust may include dieback, which can have a significant impact on the following year’s yield, with some researchers estimating losses between 30 percent and 80 percent.

    The first observable symptoms are yellow-orange rust spots, appearing on the upper surface of leaves. On the underside of the leaves, infectious spores appear resembling a patch of yellow- to dark orange-colored powder. These young lesions steadily increase in size with the center of the lesion turning necrotic and brown, with the infection eventually progressing up the tree. CLR may also infect young stems and  berries.

    While there are fungicides that may be used to help control the fungus, one of the key factors to any pest management program is good sanitation practices. Regular pruning and training of the coffee tree helps to prevent over-cropping and maintain a healthy field. These practices help to improve air circulation and also to open up the canopy to allow proper fungicide spray coverage. Good weed control is an important factor as it keeps competition for vital nutrients low, thereby reducing the susceptibility to the rust.

    Coffee leaf rust, Hemileia vastatrix, was first discovered in Sri Lanka in 1869 and is now found in the major coffee-growing regions of the world, including Southeast Asia, Africa, and Central and South America.

    Hawai`i has strict importation rules requiring all imported green coffee beans for roasting and associated packing materials be fumigated prior to entering the state to ensure beans are free of pathogens and insect pests. These rules also subject coffee plants and propagative plant parts to strict quarantine requirements if imported to Hawai`i, including a quarantine on all imported coffee plants for a minimum of one year in a state-run quarantine facility.

    To report possible coffee leaf rust infestations on any island, call HDOA’s Plant Pest Control Branch at
    (808) 973-9525.

    For more information on coffee leaf rust go to the University of Hawai`i, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources webpages at:

    https://www.hawaiicoffeeed.com/coffee-leaf-rust—nko.html
    http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/Type/h_vasta.htm

  • 31 Oct 2020 11:03 AM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    Dear Growers and Friends,


    Coffee Leaf Rust has been officially confirmed by USDA to be on Maui and has tentatively been found on Hawaii Island. Please see the HDOA press release below for more information.

    Growers, please scout your farms for any symptoms of coffee leaf rust. Here is my website and a poster that provides information and images of the disease on coffee trees. 

    If you suspect coffee leaf rust on any island, you can call HDOA's Plant Pest Control Branch at (808) 973-9525.

    If you have questions about rust, the control of rust, or preventative treatments for this disease, you are welcome to contact me at andreak@hawaii.edu. You can also text me at (415) 604-1511.

    Coffee Leaf Rust Sanitation Protocol 
    (Adopted from Rapid Ohia Death Protocol and provided by USDA-ARS)

    As a precaution, please adopt the following decontamination protocols regardless of where you are
    surveying/gathering materials.

    Decontaminate before AND after you survey/collect samples. Never go from a suspected affected site to another site without cleaning your shoes, tools, and vehicle (when possible).

    Tools and shoes should be cleaned with 70% rubbing 
    alcohol solution after removal of any surface debris. Correctly label a spray bottle with a Sharpie pen as “70% isopropyl alcohol - Flammable”. Fill the spray bottle with isopropyl alcohol. Always take this bottle with you in any field vehicle for use after all field activities. Store in the vehicle in such a manner that it does not spill.

    A freshly prepared 10% solution of chlorine bleach and water can be used as long as tools are oiled afterward, as chlorine bleach will corrode metal tools.

    Clothing should be machine washed with detergent in hot water. Heat dry in a dryer as well, if possible.

    Vehicles used in infected areas should be thoroughly cleaned; power washing is recommended.

    Please be careful of the alcohol and bleach, and follow all label precautions to prevent damage to your
    eyes, skin, respiratory system, clothing, and equipment.

    -Andrea
  • 30 Oct 2020 12:26 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

     

    image001.png


    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    October 30, 2020


    MEDIA CONTACT: Martha Spieker (Hirono): 202-365-7943


    Hawaii Congressional Delegation Calls for USDA to Swiftly Assist in Response to Identification of Coffee Leaf Rust on Maui

    Invasive fungus can decimate entire coffee farms, necessitating a rapid response and early detection 

    HONOLULU – Senators Mazie K. Hirono and Brian Schatz, and Representatives Tulsi Gabbard and Ed Case wrote to U.S. Department of Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue, calling attention to the recent positive identification of Hemileia vastatrix, the fungus that causes Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR), on coffee leaves on Maui. This is the first known presence of the fungus in Hawaii. CLR is considered the most economically damaging threat to coffee worldwide.

    On October 21, coffee leaves on Maui suspected to be suffering from CLR were submitted to Hawaii’s Department of Agriculture for analysis. Earlier this week on October 26, the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources conducted preliminary analysis that tentatively confirmed the presence of the fungus causing CLR, and USDA National Identification Services recently sent notice officially confirming the fungus’ presence. CLR has also been tentatively detected on coffee plants in Hilo, further emphasizing the need for collaboration and robust resources from the federal government.

    “These findings warrant a rapid response to contain and treat the fungus in areas of known infection and monitoring for the presence of the fungus in other areas. The method by which the fungus arrived in Hawaii is unknown at this time, but left unchecked, wherever it becomes established it can decrease the following year productivity of coffee farms from between 30 to 80 percent,” the lawmakers wrote.

    The lawmakers continued, “We urge USDA to consider providing emergency response resources such as funding set aside from the Plant Protection Act’s Section 7721 program to rapidly respond to pest emergencies of high economic consequence, as well as USDA’s coordination, support, and provision of other available tools and resources to state, academic, and coffee industry stakeholders in Hawaii. Putting forward robust resources at this early stage can mean the difference between effective management and decimation of coffee farms in Hawaii.”

    “Coffee Leaf Rust has finally made its way to Hawaii and it will take every available resource if Hawaii’s coffee industry is to survive. Layered on top of the COVID crisis, where many producers saw their sales dwindle to nearly nothing, Hawaii risks losing one of its signature crops,” Chris Manfredi, President of the Hawaii Coffee Association said. “It’s important to note that Hawaii’s coffee industry supports thousands of our citizens. It’s an industry that helps preserve open spaces, a culture, a rural lifestyle, and supports Hawaii’s tourism. Hawaii is known for its exceptional coffee quality worldwide. The outpouring of support over the last few days has been remarkable. We look forward to working with our local, state and federal partners and learning from coffee professionals the world over.”

    The full letter can be found here and below:

    Dear Secretary Perdue:

    We are writing to alert you to the recent positive identification of Hemileia vastatrix, the fungus that causes Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR), on coffee leaves on Maui. This is the first known presence of CLR, the most economically damaging threat to coffee worldwide, in Hawaii. In order to effectively contain and limit the spread of CLR to other areas of Maui as well as to other islands, robust resources from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other coordinating partners are necessary to minimize the potentially devastating economic damage this fungus poses to Hawaii’s coffee industry, which has a farm gate value of $54 million.

    On October 21, 2020, coffee leaves from managed coffee plants suspected to be suffering from CLR on Maui were submitted to the Hawaii Department of Agriculture for laboratory analysis. In response, a survey on October 22 in the area of the original sample resulted in suspect samples being collected at three additional sites, including feral coffee. On October 26 preliminary analyses conducted by the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (UH CTAHR) on the original sample confirmed the presence of the CLR-causing fungus, which was then followed by USDA National Identification Services’ official confirmation of this federally regulated pest on October 29. These findings warrant a rapid response to contain and treat the fungus in areas of known infection and monitoring for the presence of the fungus in other areas. The method by which the fungus arrived in Hawaii is unknown at this time, but left unchecked, wherever it becomes established it can decrease the following year productivity of coffee farms from between 30 to 80 percent.    

    Up until now, Hawaii has been spared from this fungus that has impacted every other coffee-growing region of the world, often times wiping out entire coffee farms. While the establishment and management of this fungus in other regions presents the opportunity to utilize existing science and tools to respond to the fungus, such as planting resistant cultivars, changing climate conditions have resulted in once resistant varieties to now be susceptible to CLR. Additionally, like many invasive pests, management will need to be specifically tailored to the unique conditions found in Hawaii, taking into account the specific coffee varieties grown, the soil conditions, the microclimate, among other factors. 

    In order to minimize the impact of CLR in Hawaii, the coffee industry will need to have a suite of tools specifically tailored to the conditions found in Hawaii at its disposal. This includes, but is not limited to, monitoring and effective quarantine strategies as well as the development of best management practices, effective chemical treatments, and resistant cultivars. The development, education, and dissemination of these tools to coffee growers will require a strong commitment of resources from USDA. As such, we urge USDA to consider providing emergency response resources such as funding set aside from the Plant Protection Act’s Section 7721 program to rapidly respond to pest emergencies of high economic consequence, as well as USDA’s coordination, support, and provision of other available tools and resources to state, academic, and coffee industry stakeholders in Hawaii.    

    Putting forward robust resources at this early stage can mean the difference between effective management and decimation of coffee farms in Hawaii. We thank you for USDA’s support and response to date and appreciate your attention to this urgent matter.

  • 29 Oct 2020 8:16 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    Attached is an alert concerning a tentative identification of coffee leaf rust (CLR) on Hawaii Island.  In summary, a sample of a rust fungus collected at a residence in Hilo, Hawai`i Island, has been tentatively identified by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service in Hilo as coffee leaf rust (CLR). Samples will be sent to the USDA National Identification Services to confirm the identity of the causal agent. If confirmed, this will be the first detection on that island.

    Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions.

    Mahalo,

    Kevin M. Hoffman, Ph.D.
    Plant Industry Administrator/State Plant Regulatory Official
    Hawaii Department of Agriculture
    Phone:  808-973-9530 (main office)
    Direct:  808-973-9535

  • 29 Oct 2020 7:47 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    In the light of the current events regarding the coffee leaf rust discovery on Maui, it is encouraged for Coffee Growers to carry the USDA's crop insurance, and it is even more important to do so now. Disease that cannot be controlled is a covered cause of loss.

    Here is a current Coffee Flyer that summarizes the program and provides cost and coverage examples on the reverse with the Coffee Tree specific information highlighted.

    It is easy to apply for coverage for both Coffee Trees and Cherry production. For help with the application process or any other crop insurance related questions, reach out to Bonnie at Lind Insurance Services at agsecure@sbcglobal.net, 888-276-7728 toll-free or 559-285-8973 cell phone (call or text).

  • 29 Oct 2020 7:45 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)


    Trouble viewing this email? View it as a webpage.

    Agricultural Marketing Service header

    Help Available from USDA to Apply for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

    Picture of USDA employees

     

    At USDA, we are committed to helping you complete program applications, and USDA’s Farm Service Agency staff can help guide you through the process of applying for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 (CFAP 2), including preparing and submitting required paperwork. There is no need to hire a paid preparer.

    Additionally, translation services are available in all USDA Service Centers, so one-on-one assistance with a Service Center employee can be translated in real time. To find the nearest USDA Service Center, visit farmers.gov/service-locator.

    A call center is also available for producers who would like additional support with the CFAP 2 application process. Please call 877-508-8364 to speak directly with a USDA employee ready to offer assistance. The call center can provide service to non-English speaking customers. Customers will select 1 for English and 2 to speak with a Spanish speaking employee. For other languages, customers select 1 and indicate their language to the call center staff to be connected to an over-the-phone translation service.

  • 29 Oct 2020 5:46 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    In an effort to help connect Hawaii’s coffee producers with buyers, the Hawaii Coffee Association is launching a new website where our members can post ads for their green coffee available for sale.

    This is one of several efforts to support our industry and is the result of numerous hours contributed by HCA volunteers and staff. This comes in the wake of your responses to our member survey relating to the impacts of the Coronavirus pandemic.

    Please follow the link below if you wish to post an ad or view ads posted by Hawaii’s coffee producers.

    We welcome your feedback. Please let us know what you think of this platform and share your success stories and suggestions via email at contact@hawaiicoffeeassoc.org

    Thank you for your support!

  • 27 Oct 2020 11:20 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)

    Here is a link to a news release regarding preliminary test results indicating coffee leaf rust may be on Maui.

  • 26 Oct 2020 3:59 PM | Alla Kostenko (Administrator)


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